Minors & Concentrations

The Academy currently offers seven academic minors to enhance its graduates’ preparation.  A minor is a program of study of at least eighteen credits outside the major and normally begin in the junior year.  Students electing to take a minor must consult the faculty coordinator for approval.  Due to additional academic demands, students must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or higher. To declare a minor prior to the junior year, a student must also have completed either Calculus I or Applied Calculus. A brief statement of the purpose of each minor is given below.  

American Studies

The American Studies Minor (Coordinator: Dr. Kathryn Mudgett) provides students with a greater understanding of American culture through the study of American history, foreign policy, literature, and artistic endeavor. The minor consists of six courses, three from the Humanities Department and three from the Social Science Department, following completion of the General Education requirements. The following courses are required: HU-5032 American Literature I: Colonial Period to Civil War; HU-5033 American Literature II: Civil War to Present; and two of the following courses: SS-3219 American History I: Origins to 1865; SS-3220 American History II: Civil War to Present; or SS-3211 American Maritime History.  Finally, students must take one additional Humanities elective identified by “American” in the title and one additional Social Science elective from the following courses: SS-3217 Vietnam and U.S. Policy; SS-3218 Civil War & Reconstruction; or SS-3212 U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1945.

Energy Management

The Energy Management Minor (Coordinator: Professor George Howe) is offered by the Engineering department to Marine and Facilities Engineers to better prepare them for careers ashore and/or advanced studies in energy management, alternative and renewable energy, and power generation fields as they relate to the operation of large, complex facilities.  Course requirements are SM-2218 Statistics or SM-3005 Probability and Statistics EN-3801 Energy Strategy and Management EN-3802 Energy Systems and a choice of three courses from a selected group of electives.

Facilities Operation

The Facilities Operation Minor (Coordinator: Professor George Howe) prepares students for careers ashore and/or for advanced studies in facilities management, stationary engineering (power generation), or wastewater treatment technology, as they relate to the operation of large, complex facilities. The minor is offered to students enrolled in either the Marine Engineering or Energy Systems Engineering major. Required courses are: EN-2222 Commercial Boilers, EN-3214 Municipal Wastewater Treatment, EN-4222 HVAC, and a choice of three courses from a selected group of electives. 

Industrial Health & Safety

The Industrial Health & Safety Minor (Coordinator: Professor Francis Veale) is offered by the Environmental Protection, Safety, and Emergency Management Department.  To earn a minor in Industrial Health and Safety, students must complete each of the following required six courses. Required courses are: MS-XXXX Industrial Hygiene Auditing, EM-2111 Infectious Agents, EM-3212 Toxicology, EM-3213 Public Health Issues in Emergency Management MS-4271 Advanced Principles of Industrial Health and Safety SM-3111 Introduction to Radiological Materials.

International Maritime Business

The International Maritime Business Minor (Coordinator: Dr. Bani Ghosh) is offered to seagoing majors who have plans to start a shore-based career, for those interested in a graduate degree in business or law, and for those inclined towards entrepreneurial ventures. The IMB minor provides a basic business background with specialization in the shipping industry.  Course requirements are: IM-2121 Principles of Accounting I and IM-2211 The Business of Shipping.  Students must choose four of the following: Any course with an IM designation as long as prerequisites are met, MT-3252 Port and Terminal Operations Management , and SM-2117 Quantitative Methods for Management.


The Law Minor (Coordinator: Professor Ronald Carroll), offered by the Social Science Department, provides students with a range of understanding about the law through a diverse array of law courses.  Students learn to study law from a variety of perspectives.  Course requirements are any six from the following list of courses: SS-3221 Business Law; SS-3222 Real Estate Law; SS-3223 European Union Law; SS-3224 International Business Law; SS-3225 Admiralty and Maritime Law; SS-4122 International Law; MS-3142 Environmental Law; and/or SS-4132 Legal Issues in Emergency Management.

Marine Biology

The Marine Biology Minor (Coordinator: Dr. Alan White) is offered by the Environmental Protection, Safety, and Emergency Management Department.  To earn this minor, students must take the six following courses: MS-4305 Principles of Aquaculture; MS-4322 Marine Botany; MS-4329 Marine Mammals; MS-4333 Marine Invertebrate Zoology; MS-4334 Tropical Marine Ecology; and MS-4342 Marine Microbiology.

Marine Safety and Environmental Protection

The Marine Safety and Environmental Protection Minor (Coordinator: Dr. Alan White) is offered by the Environmental Protection, Safety, and Emergency Management Department.  To earn a minor in Marine Safety and Environmental Protection, students must complete each of the following four courses and choose to complete one of the two options (I-II). Required courses are: MS-3141 Coastal Ecology, MS-3142 Environmental Law, MS-3221 Oceanography, and MS-4263 Oil Spill Management. Choose one option: Option I: MS-4142 Human Health and Risk MS-4241 Environmental Risk  or Option II: Students must choose two courses from the following: MS-4141 Coastal Zone Management MS-4264 Conservation Biology, MS-4305 Principles of Aquaculture, MS-4321 Biology of Fishes, MS-4322 Marine Botany, MS-4329 Marine Mammals, MS-4333 Marine Invertebrate, Zoology MS-4334 Tropical Marine Ecology MS-4341 Ecological Sustainability MS-4342 Marine Microbiology.


With departmental permission, students with a cumulative grade point average of 2.5 or higher may enroll in a concentration of study. A concentration is a program of study of at least twelve credits within the student’s major field but the courses of which are not prescribed in the major program.  These courses are typically taken during semesters five through eight. The following concentrations are currently offered at Massachusetts Maritime Academy. 

The Marine Biology Concentration elective sequence options are provided to give students enrolled in the Marine Safety and Environmental Protection major a series of electives focused on particular aspects of the field of marine biology.  These normally begin in the first semester of the junior year and replace the regularly scheduled free and departmental electives: MS-4305 Principles of Aquaculture; MS-4321 Biology of Fishes; MS-4322 Marine Botany; and MS-4333 Marine Invertebrate Zoology.